i. Design or data collection/analysis

To qualify as an author, one must have been substantially involved in either:

  • Conception/design of the work OR
  • Data collection or data analysis/interpretation. 

These parts of the process are highlighted in blue, in the research timeline below.

NB: Substantial is not defined on the ICMJE website.

Ethical Research Collaboration OS is brought to you in partnership by the Centre for Faculty Development and the Centre for Advancing Collaborative Healthcare & Education, extra-departmental units of the University of Toronto, hosted at Unity Health Toronto and University Health Network, respectively.

Traditional Land Acknowledgement