To qualify as an author, one must have been substantially involved in either:
- Conception/design of the work OR
- Data collection or data analysis/interpretation.
These parts of the process are highlighted in blue, in the research timeline below.
NB: Substantial is not defined on the ICMJE website.
To cite this work: Baker L, Friesen F, Ng S. Authorship Ethics. An Online Supplement. [Internet]. 2018. Available from www.authorshipethics.com
Centre for Faculty Development, University of Toronto at St. Michael's Hospital.